Diabetes In The 1960s

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Original Research Socioeconomic Gradients In Cardiorespiratory Disease And Diabetes In The 1960s: Baseline Findings From The Gpo Study

Summary Objectives To describe the socioeconomic distribution of risk factors for cardiorespiratory disease and diabetes in employed women and men in the late 1960s. Study design and methods Cross-sectional data were collected from 3345 General Post Office (GPO) employees in London, via a questionnaire and clinical examination, between October 1966 and April 1967. Results Our occupational grade classification conformed to expected patterns of greater car ownership and gardening among higher-grade women and men, and greater height in higher-grade men (highest–lowest grade 175.0–170.7 cm, P<0.001). A strong inverse grade gradient in bronchitis (2.1–9.4%, P<0.001) and a strong positive gradient in FEV1 (3.10–2.58 l, P<0.001) were observed in men, although smoking was less consistently associated with grade. There was no consistent inverse association between grade and any cardiovascular risk factor in either sex, but strong inverse gradients in prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) (5.1–18.2%, P<0.001) and 2-h glucose (4.14–4.25 mmol/l, P<0.001) in non-diabetic men. Using car ownership as an alternative measure of socioeconomic position, findings in men were repli Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. qtoffer

    Sugar industry paid scientists to blame saturated fat instead of sugar for CHD in 1960s

    Article in today's NY Times about a manuscript in today's JAMA Internal Medicine. Research and nutrition policy in the 1960s and 1970s was largely shaped by sugar industry trade groups. No surprise here. As a PhD biochemist and former vascular biology researcher, I'm always skeptical of any new research involving diet or heart disease. Always follow the money by identifying the research lead sponsor. My PhD advisor accepted funding from the Tobacco Institute because her research shifted blame for cardiovascular risk away from cigarettes.

  2. Nan OH

    Many forget that just because a university did the study/research and published their findings; some one paid for it. There are popular books by doctors that do have some valid science but they still make money from the sale of the books or video programs/seminars. Most websites have paid sponsors.

  3. CalgaryDiabetic

    That is why some of the research should be Govt funded. Although in this case because of big corn, Govt was on the side of HFCS and any research showing that it was sugar and not fat would not have been funded by them either.

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