Why Are Blood Sugar Levels Important

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Blood Glucose Regulation

Blood glucose regulation involves maintaining blood glucose levels at constant levels in the face of dynamic glucose intake and energy use by the body. Glucose, shown in figure 1 is key in the energy intake of humans. On average this target range is 60-100 mg/dL for an adult although people can be asymptomatic at much more varied levels. In order to maintain this range there are two main hormones that control blood glucose levels: insulin and glucagon. Insulin is released when there are high amounts of glucose in the blood stream. Glucagon is released when there are low levels of glucose in the blood stream. There are other hormones that effect glucose regulation and are mainly controlled by the sympathetic nervous system. Blood glucose regulation is very important to the maintenance of the human body. The brain doesn’t have any energy storage of its own and as a result needs a constant flow of glucose, using about 120 grams of glucose daily or about 60% of total glucose used by the body at resting state. [1] With out proper blood glucose regulation the brain and other organs could starve leading to death. Insulin A key regulatory pathway to control blood glucose levels is the ho Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. KEC1257

    How to bring down A1C?

    Just had my 1st follow up woth my Dr. since my T2 diagnosis in May. Weight down by 20 lb., A1C 6.1 (down from 6.4). He wants me to get my A1C below 6. I don't know in general what is an acceptable quantity of carbs to eat on a daily basis or how this can affect my A1C in the long run. I am scheduled for diabetic education in September but am ready to make changes now. Can anyone give me some advice?

  2. rhett t

    that's what I'm trying to do also. Please let me know when you find out. and I'll let you know

  3. Spirit63

    Does any one no where to buy a A1c kit please let me know

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