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How Does The Liver Lower Blood Sugar

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The Liver And Blood Glucose Levels

Tweet Glucose is the key source of energy for the human body. Supply of this vital nutrient is carried through the bloodstream to many of the body’s cells. The liver produces, stores and releases glucose depending on the body’s need for glucose, a monosaccharide. This is primarily indicated by the hormones insulin - the main regulator of sugar in the blood - and glucagon. In fact, the liver acts as the body’s glucose reservoir and helps to keep your circulating blood sugar levels and other body fuels steady and constant. How the liver regulates blood glucose During absorption and digestion, the carbohydrates in the food you eat are reduced to their simplest form, glucose. Excess glucose is then removed from the blood, with the majority of it being converted into glycogen, the storage form of glucose, by the liver’s hepatic cells via a process called glycogenesis. Glycogenolysis When blood glucose concentration declines, the liver initiates glycogenolysis. The hepatic cells reconvert their glycogen stores into glucose, and continually release them into the blood until levels approach normal range. However, when blood glucose levels fall during a long fast, the body’s glyco Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. User25259

    Liver Dump: In a Nutshell!

    I've read bits and pieces about this liver dump theory/condition, and would like someone, anyone to give me a short synopsis, or snapshot of just what exactly a "Liver dump" is; how to prevent it one from happening; and the pros and cons of a liver dump!
    Thanks for the info, it will be nice to have a short and sweet answer to what it is and how to know if it happens.
    Pastor Paul

  2. Nan OH

    Liver Dump is when your body thinks it is in need of fuel - glucose that is stored in the liver is released to fuel you up. Pros - not a thing a diabetic wants. Cons - high BGL in the morning. I can modify my glucose release by eating a small bowl of cereal with real sugar as a bed time snack (I use insulin). Don't think it can be prevented at all.
    This is not a part of our normal attempt to get control - it usually happens while we sleep because that is the longest time we go without eating. Clear as Mud? Sorry

  3. smorgan

    Liver dumps are insulin the result of resistance of the liver. At various times as others have described - most notably at dawn - signals are sent out for the liver to release glycogen from its stores as glucose. In a normal system, the first release of glucose triggers a release of insulin from the pancreas. Shepherding glucose into cells for energy is not insulin's only job. It also 1) pushes fat into storage and inhibits its release and 2) encourages storage of glucose as glycogen in the liver AND inhibits or stops its release.
    So, in a type 2, normal hormone signals which would only cause a slight (and beneficial) rise in blood sugar cause a higher spike. This is because the liver responded to those other hormones but its response to insulin is impaired - hepatic insulin resistance - and so it releases more than it should, i.e., doesn't know when to stop.
    I avoid this by keeping my glycogen stores depleted. Depleting them is a prerequisite for getting into ketosis and since I stay in ketosis virtually all the time, no liver dumps. If I come out of ketosis - even though still eating very much "low-carb" and with good numbers throughout the day, Dawn Phenomenon will return and if breakfast is delayed, my BG will drift slowly up instead of its normal down or steady state.
    Others have various other tricks for getting around the broken hormone signaling/response.

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