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How Does Protein Affect Glucose Levels?

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Food Order Has Significant Impact On Glucose And Insulin Levels

Eating protein and vegetables before carbohydrates leads to lower post-meal glucose and insulin levels in obese patients with type 2 diabetes, Weill Cornell Medical College researchers found in a new study. This finding, published June 23 in the journal Diabetes Care, might impact the way clinicians advise diabetic patients and other high-risk individuals to eat, focusing not only on how much, but also on when carbohydrates are consumed. Dr. Louis Aronne's study in Diabetes Care found that insulin and glucose levels were significantly lower when protein and vegetables were eaten before carbohydrates. "We're always looking for ways to help people with diabetes lower their blood sugar," said senior author Dr. Louis Aronne, the Sanford I. Weill Professor of Metabolic Research and a professor of clinical medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College, who is the study's principal investigator. "We rely on medicine, but diet is an important part of this process, too. Unfortunately, we've found that it's difficult to get people to change their eating habits. "Carbohydrates raise blood sugar, but if you tell someone not to eat them — or to drastically cut back — it's hard for them to compl Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. energy

    What are the NORMAL 1-hr, 2-hrs and 3-hrs post meal blood sugar levels for the NON-diabetics?

    Editor's Note: Also read Is My Blood Sugar Normal? and HbA1c: Everything You Need to Know.
    Except for this one on Blood Sugar 101 web site I have not seen any scientific research on this topic although this question often comes up in forums about the diabetes. Anytime this subject comes up we go back to this single study in the reference.
    I cannot imagine this is a very difficult and expensive study to conduct and am certain that more of such studies have already been done a number of times by the scientific community, but perhaps we cannot see them openly in the Internet because of the copyright issues.
    So, what are the numbers you have seen for the NORMAL 1-hr, 2-hrs and 3-hrs post meal blood sugar levels for NON-diabetics? It would be helpful if you could tell us where you got your numbers from.
    Thanks.

  2. furball64801

    Good question and as you said we go by a few references. I can go by a few I have tested at family parties when we were back home. Some were over 140 two hours after I dont have a 1 hr data but most if not all were back down to 100 by the 3 hr mark. It was a very small about 4 person study on my part, the meals were pretty carb loaded so have to go with that also. It shows how many carbs people eat and dont realize it, I was really cutting back at that point.

  3. jwags

    The only other place I have seen this discussed is in Dr Bernsteins book. When he discussed Normal non diabetics he says they usually stay within the range 80-100. He says occasionally they will spike as high as 140 or 160 but that is very rare. The reason for this is that their basal insulin is working correctly. So as soon as they eat they have insulin on board to deal with what they just ate and never spike high. Also their Phase 1 insulin response works the way it is supposed to work.

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