106 Glucose Level After Fasting

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How Do You Know If You Have Diabetes Or Pre-diabetes?

"How Do You Know If You Have Diabetes or Pre-Diabetes?" is an important question given the current epidemic of adult-onset diabetes. The short answer is - ask your doctor who will order a test. However, as we shall see, it is far from that simple. Another short answer is that it simply a matter of a definition, and that there are more than one. Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by abnormally elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Chronic hyperglycaemia of diabetes in associated with the dysfunction, long-term damage and failure of various organs and systems, especially the kidneys, eyes, nerves, heart and blood vessels. These long-term complications include retinopathy with potential loss of vision, nephropathy leading to kidney failure, peripheral neuropathy with risk of foot ulcers, amputations, and neuropathy of the autonomic nervous system resulting in gastrointestinal, genitourinary and cardiovascular symptoms and sexual dysfunction. Thus diagnosing diabetes or pre-diabetes and then attempting to reverse the associated hyperglycemia or at least minimize the micro- and macrovascular damag Continue reading >>

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  1. ASDGRMama

    Is a fasting glucose of 109 still considered prediabetes in the presence of a normal A1C (5.4)? My blood sugar levels have always been normal and my PA wasn't concerned about today's numbers so he didn't recommend any further testing.
    My maternal grandfather and my paternal grandmother developed T2 diabetes in their 50's but other than that I have no other genetic risk factors for diabetes. I'm a 34y/o caucasian woman, not overweight (H-5'3" W-103#), I eat well, exercise regularly, I don't drink/smoke, my BP is 98/62, and I've never had gestational diabetes. Does one fasting glucose above 100 warrant further testing?
    I do have hypothyroidism (my TSH is currently 9.52 which is high...not sure if that affects glucose levels) and a slightly elevated total cholesterol level of 225 (HDL, LDL, and triglycerides are normal)...both thyroid and heart disease run in my family.
    My blood draw today was just routine...our health insurance provider requires a yearly "preventative exam".

  2. JJ

    I know they consider anything over 99 as high, but maybe you ate something last night that had your fasting BS a bit over the top. With an A1c of 5.4, trust me, I wouldn't let it bother me. Seems lately if anyones numbers for anything are just a tad off the Drs. panic. As long as the PA wasn't concerned don't let it bother you.
    Seeing your aware that Diabetes and heart disease runs in your family, on both sides, just be extra careful of your diet and exercise. Obviously your Dr. is aware of your family history so I'm sure he/she will be keep tabs on your blood work etc.
    I believe a Thyroid condition can affect your BS as well, but not positive. You sound like you take very good care of yourself, so just keep on doing what your doing. Your TC was a bit high but if that was a first high I also wouldn't worry about it as long as all the other numbers were fine. Again, Thyroid can affect Cholesterol.
    Best wishes.....JJ....

  3. ASDGRMama

    That's what I wanted to hear...thank you JJ!!
    My cholesterol levels are always borderline high or high...bum genetics
    Again, thank you so much for taking the time to reply!

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