How Do You Know If You Have Diabetes Or Pre-diabetes?
"How Do You Know If You Have Diabetes or Pre-Diabetes?" is an important question given the current epidemic of adult-onset diabetes. The short answer is - ask your doctor who will order a test. However, as we shall see, it is far from that simple. Another short answer is that it simply a matter of a definition, and that there are more than one. Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by abnormally elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Chronic hyperglycaemia of diabetes in associated with the dysfunction, long-term damage and failure of various organs and systems, especially the kidneys, eyes, nerves, heart and blood vessels. These long-term complications include retinopathy with potential loss of vision, nephropathy leading to kidney failure, peripheral neuropathy with risk of foot ulcers, amputations, and neuropathy of the autonomic nervous system resulting in gastrointestinal, genitourinary and cardiovascular symptoms and sexual dysfunction. Thus diagnosing diabetes or pre-diabetes and then attempting to reverse the associated hyperglycemia or at least minimize the micro- and macrovascular damag Continue reading >>